Latin dictionary: N
Table of contents
to make an agreement, covenant, pact.
to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.
treaty, pact, contract.
agreement, contract, covenant, pact.
agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.
paene, pene :
countryman, peasant, pagan.
spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.
openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.
coverlet, mantle, cloak.
to stretch out, spread out, extent.
panis panis :
prepared, ready, provided, equipped.
prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.
preparation, fitting out, equipment.
(with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.
parco : (+inf.:
to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.
parens parentis :
(+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.
paries parietis :
similar, like, equal.
to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.
equally, in like manner, as well.
to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / buy.
pars partis :
part, share / direction.
partly / some.
parum minus minime :
(adv.) little, too little, not enough.
parvus minor minimus :
to graze, forage, browse.
adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.
to disclose, expose, open, make open.
to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.
pater patris :
of a father, paternal, native.
patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.
patience, suffering, endurance.
to suffer, endure, permit.
fatherland, one's native country, homeland.
to protect, defend, support, patronize.
few, a few, some.
gradually, little by little.
beggar, person without means.
poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.
beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.
pax pacis :
to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.
to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).
pectus pectoris :
a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.
worse (see malus).
pello pepulli pulsum :
to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.
to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.
to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.
inward, inner, interior.
(adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.
penus, us :
provender, supplies, victuals.
? Herimann, cap. 3.
(+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.
(+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.
(+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.
(+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.
to carry through, complete, accomplish.
to wander through, travel through.
percipio percepi perceptum :
to gain, learn, perceive, understand.
percontor percunctor :
inquire, interrogate, investigate.
percutio (percussum) :
to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.
to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.
to lead through, conduct, carry through.
wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.
to pass away, be destroyed, perish.
complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.
to bear, suffer, endure.
perficio perfeci perfectum:
to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.
to execute completely, enjoy to the full.
steeped, soaked, drenched.
to continue, proceed, go on with.
put in peril, endangered.
to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.
perimo peremi peremptum :
perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.
to pass through, survey, look, examine.
permitto permissi permissum :
to allow, permit, let.
to excite, agitate, stir up, move.
to complete, accomplish, perform.
perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.
very clever, exceedingly sharp.
to write out, write down, place on record.
to cut through, dissect, cut away.
persequor persequi persecutus :
to follow, pursue, take revenge.
to persist, persevere, continue.
to persist, persevere.
to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.
personam gero :
to act a part.
transparent, bright, clear, evident.
persuadeo persuasi persuasum :
(+ dat.) to persuade.
to become very much afraid.
firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.
persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinate
to pertain to, relate to, concern.
to stretch out, extend.
to twist, distort.
to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.
to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.
peruro perussi perustum :
to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.
(+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.
perverto perverti perversum :
to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.
pervideo pervidi pervisum :
to look over, survey, inspect, discern.
pes pedis :
worst (see malus)
to destroy, ruin, wreck
to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.
to the ground, to the bottom, downward.
pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,
pestis pestis :
plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.
to make for, go to, seek, strive after.
to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.
Pevle, near Cisoing.
phasma phasmatis :
ghost, spirit, specter.
Herimann p. 275.
pia pium :
honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.
the spruce tree
painted / of cloth, embroidered.
piger pigra pigrum :
lazy, slow, dull.
pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges of
piper, piperis :
to chirp, tweet, pipe.
piscis piscis :
dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.
(+ dat.) to please, be agreeable to
it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.
quiet, still, gentle.
judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.
accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.
to placate, appease.
district, zone, region.
plango planxi plactum :
to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.
wagon, cart, charles Wain.
plebs plebis :
the common people, the masses, the crowd.
to be punished.
(adv.) completely, wholly, fully.
full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.
for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.
very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.
to lament, weep, weep over.
pluit pluvit :
it is raining, a shower is falling.
feather / featherbed / pen.
leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.
plumbum album :
lead, a bullet, lead pipe.
to rain, shower, sprinkle.
more numerous, several, many.
more numerous, several, many.
at the highest price, of the highest worth.
most, very many.
(gen.) at a higher price, of a great value
somewhat more, rather more.
pertaining to rain, of rain.
pocius potius :
poema poematis :
poem, verse, rhyme.
poena : pain, punishment, penalty / poena dare :
to pay the penalty.
pearl barley, barley groats.
pollen : (also pollis ):
fine flour, fine meal.
to be strong, powerful, able.
thumb, big toe.
to promise, offer.
promised, a promise.
pono posui positum :
to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.
pons pontis :
poposco : see posco :
Herimann, cap. 28, 69.
people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.
forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.
to call upon, ask earnestly, request.
position, place, arrangment.
possum posse potum :
to be able, avail, have influence.
(+ acc.) after, behind.
posterus, postremo :
subsequent, following, next, future.
[posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.
to put after, consider secondary.
able, mighty, powerful, strong.
power, ability, authority / opportunity.
(+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.
(adv.) chiefly, most of all.
best of all, chief, principal.
prae dulcis / pre dulcis :
prae se ferre / pre se ferre :
to show, exhibit, on account of.
prae quam / pre quam :
in comparison with.
prae pre :
(prep. with abl.) before,
prae pre :
(adv.) before, in front.
praebeo prebeo :
to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.
praebeo prebeo :
(+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.
praecedo precedo :
to precede, go before / surpass, excel.
praecelsus precelsus :
praecepio precepio :
praeceptum preceptum :
to cut short, lop, mutilate.
praecipio, precipio :
to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.
excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.
praeclarus preclarus :
excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.
praeconor preconor :
to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.
praecox precox :
ripe beforehand, premature.
praeda preda :
plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.
praedico predico :
to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.
praeeo preeo :
to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.
praefero prefero :
to carry in front, display, prefer.
praefero prefero :
anticipate, carry by, ride by.
praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum :
to put in charge of
praefinio prefinio :
to appoint ahead of time
praefoco prefoco :
to choke, suffocate.
praegravo pregravo :
to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.
to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.
praemium premium :
praemo premo :
to press down, strike down.
praenuntio, prenuntio :
to foretell, announce before hand.
praenuntius prenuncius :
foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.
praepono prepono :
to set over, prefer.
praepositus prepositus :
praesentia presentia :
presence, presence of mind, effect, power.
praesentia presencia :
praesidium presidium :
guard, garrison, detachment / protection.
praestans prestans :
excellent, distinguished, imminent.
to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.
praesto presto :
to answer for, be responsible for.
praesto presto :
to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.
praesul presul :
dancer / presider, protector, director.
praesum presum :
to be at the head of, be in charge of.
praesumo presumo :
to anticipate, take for granted.
adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.
praeterea preterea :
besides, further, hereafter.
praetereo pretereo :
to pass over, pass by, omit.
praeteritus preteritus :
praetermissio pretermissio :
neglect, passing over, omission.
praetorgredior pretergredior :
to pass beyond, go beyond.
praevenio, prevenio :
to come before, anticipate.
get the start of.
crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.
preastolatio prestolatio :
the waiting for, expectation.
to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.
chiefly, especially, particularly.
to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.
to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.
premo pressi pressum :
to squeeze, press down, strike down.
booty, loot, stolen goods.
to go by, pass by, escape.
price, value, reward.
to come to, go before hand, attend.
prex precis :
request, entreaty, prayer.
first, for the first time.
first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.
first, foremost / most distinguished, first.
primum : quam primum :
as soon as possible.
at first, for the first time, in the first place.
rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.
prior prius :
priores, um :
ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.
former, venerable, ancient.
private, unofficial, a private person.
(with gen.) deprived of.
pro eo :
because of the fact, because, for this reason..
(+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, as.
(+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.
probity, uprightness, honesty.
to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.
to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.
to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.
storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.
storm, tempest, gale.
chief noble, prince.
prepared or ready for battle.
far, at, to, from a distance.
manager, bailiff, agent.
unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.
truly, really, indeed.
to carry out, bring forth.
to make progress, advance.
advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.
to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.
proficuus : proficiscor :
to start forward, set out, depart, arise.
to make a public statement / to declare oneself.
to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.
profor profari profatus :
to speak out.
fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.
profundo frofui profusum :
to pour forth, gush, stream.
a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.
deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.
husband of a grand-daughter.
to produce, engender.
descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.
founder of a family, ancestor.
progigno progenui progenitum :
to engender, bring forth.
born, sprung from / son.
to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.
advance, progress, increase.
advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.
to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.
prohibition, restrain, forbidding.
to throw forth, fling, abandon.
proinde ut: proinde quam:
proinde quasi proinde ac si :
just as if.
consequently, therefore, as a result.
to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.
a slipping or sliding.
a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.
to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.
to entice, allure.
proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants :
a citizen of the lowest rank.
prolicio prolixi :
to lure forth, entice.
wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.
to speak out, declare openly.
proluo prolu prolutum :
to wash away, wash clean.
preliminary exercise, prelude.
inundation / scouring / discharge.
promereo promereor :
to deserve, merit
promeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio :
jutting out, standing out / a projection.
to stand out, jut, extend.
promisce promiscue :
promiscus promiscuus :
mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.
a promiser, suretor, guarantor.
to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.
to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.
promo prompsi promptum :
to produce, disclose, bring forth.
peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.
promoveo promovi promotum :
push forward, move ahead, advance.
promptly, resolutely, readily.
promptu : in promptu habere :
to have read, display, have on show.
promptu : in promptu ponere :
to make clear, reveal, disclose.
promptu : in promptu esse :
to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.
(persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.
ready at hand, visible, apparent.
publication, promulgation (of a law).
(cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.
pronepos proneptos :
to proclaim, announce, declaim.
near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.
near, near to, not far, not long from now.
to drive before one, drive away.
to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.
to hasten / accelerate, speed up.
(intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.
near, close, similar, nearly related.
display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.
a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.
exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.
one's own, special, characteristic, particular.
one's own, permanent, special, peculiar.
(+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.
fortification, rampart, defense.
forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.
prosequor (prosecutus) :
to attack, go with, pursue, attend.
favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.
prosperity, good fortune.
prosum (profuturus) :
to be useful, of benefit, do good.
to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).
(with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.
protestor, protesto :
to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.
forward, further on, continuously, immediately.
to draw out, protract, defer, make known.
just as, according to.
advanced, advanced in age.
to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,
a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.
to foresee, provide, make provision for.
one who provides for, or against.
provolvere se :
to throw oneself down, abase oneself.
nearest, closest, next.
foresight, wisdom, discretion.
of the people, public, open to all.
beautifully, finely, handsomely.
to be ashamed,
childish, boyish, foolish.
boyishly, childishly, foolishly.
puga pyga :
fight, battle, conflict, set-to.
the desire to fight, pugnacity.
fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.
pulcher pulchra pulchrum :
beautiful, handsome, fine.
pulchritudo pulchritudinis :
shoot up, sprout, burgeon.
dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.
young animal / chicken, chick.
anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.
to strike (the hours)
beating, blow, push, influence.
beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.
dust, powder / arena, scene of action.
pumilius pumilio :
a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.
pungo pupugi punctum :
to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.
pungo pupugi punctum :
to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.
to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.
doll / little girl.
pupillus pupilla :
stern of a ship, the poop.
pupil of the eye.
rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.
cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.
to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.
purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.
pure, free from.
tiny, puny / petty, mean.
to stink, be redolent, smell bad.
rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.
to putrefy, day, rot.
to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.
pure, unmixed, unadulterated.
pyus pyxidis :
a little box, casket.
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